Although it may have occurred in recent past, discussing urban social justice in global context without considering race it is no longer feasible in the 21st century. Since the late 1960s, the anti-racist movements have reached achievements on a pioneering scale, challenging racial relations around the world. Albeit threatened by the advance of neoliberalism and its racist consequences, those accomplishments can no longer be neglected, for they are on the agenda of a new social commitment.
Cities were also affected by racial discrimination. To ensure privileged access to the major urban structures since colonial ages, elites around the world have used different strategies in order to separate some portions of the city for themselves. Some of these separate cities have taken a racial form in history, through racial segregation.Urban racial segregation is very closely interconnected with the dynamics of the real state market. The instruments used to promote it are not always evidently racial ones, but in order to protect property values, these mechanisms have largely promoted racial exclusion in the richer parts of cities.
Urban politics also plays an important role, as it can promote a polarization of the urban settlement in terms of race. In different countries, combined urban zoning, housing and migration policies are key mechanisms for defining the racial composition of urban districts.
This session invites participants to present papers on the emergence of different settings of racial segregation in the context of the black diaspora. By highlighting this issue, the proponents of the session seek to broaden the discussion on invisible mechanisms and perverse effects of racial inequality in accessing urban space, as well as to broadcast possible alternatives to combat racial segregation and ensure equity and social justice for all ethnic-racial groups in urban space.
Professor Ana Cláudia Castilho Barone, Universidade de São Paulo firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor Valter Silvério, Universidade Federal de São Carlos email@example.com